What it's about:
According to a recent HSBC study, India has ranked as the most vulnerable nation to climate change.
This includes issues of food and water insecurity as a result of failing agriculture and prolonged droughts, regional conflict over limited resources, increased vulnerability to natural disasters, and rapid urbanisation as a result of climate migration.
Unless government and policymakers collaborate to ensure better distribution of finances and support for resilient agricultural initiatives, we could see many people go hungry.
Why it's noteworthy:
I find this interesting because I completed my MSc thesis in September on the impacts of climate change on human security in India, and made the same argument, and now large studies are also confirming this.
Moreover, it is significant because India has an enormous population and many regions that are vulnerable. For example, Himalayan glaciers are rapidly melting which pose a threat of mass flooding in mountain villages (which we've seen in recent years), desertification of arid regions makes towns uninhabitable and drives people to cities, but this is causing urbanisation and increased poverty due to excessive competition for resources and employment, as well as inundation of coastal regions and the spread of climate-sensitive diseases, such as malaria due to increased temperatures.
How can India combat these issues considering their limited resources with respect to the size of their population?
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